is determined individually.
Surgical diseases of the abdomen and abdominal organs are one of the most common pathologies. They occupy a large place in the multidisciplinary morbidity of the population, and many of them and the intra-abdominal complications caused by them continue to be the focus of attention of surgeons. Mortality in these diseases remains at a high level and has no tendency to decrease.
The number of patients with surgical diseases of the abdomen and abdominal organs is very large. The number of them does not decrease, but becomes more and more every year. Surgical interventions for surgical diseases of the abdomen and abdominal organs have become more frequent, their range and volume have expanded, and the number of postoperative complications (peritonitis, bleeding, etc.) has also increased.
In recent years, some progress has been made in the study of the etiology, pathogenesis and treatment of these diseases and life-threatening complications. There is a noticeable progress in their timely diagnosis due to the use of new research methods (endoscopy, ultrasound, CT, MRI, radionuclide examination, angiography, X-ray surgery, etc.) and treatment, which has led to a revision of many principles of pathogenetically based treatment of diseases of the abdominal cavity, complications in them, etc.